Teatro Alla Scala Milano. The Teatro alla Scala Milan was built in accordance with the decree of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria. After a fire, which broke out on February 26, 1776, had destroyed the court theater. The project was entrusted to the famous architect Giuseppe Piermarini. The pictorial decoration was created by Giuseppe Levati and Giuseppe Reina. Domenico Riccardi instead painted the curtain, representative, the Parnassus. The expenses for the construction of the new theater were supported by the palioquists of the Royal Ducal in exchange for the renewal of the ownership of the boxes.
Teatro Alla Scala Milano – History of the 1700s
On May 28, 1778, the first acoustic tests took place. On 3 August, in the presence of the governor of Milan, Archduke Ferdinand of Hapsburg-Este, Maria Beatrice d’Este, Count Carlo Giuseppe of Firmian and Duke Francesco III d’Este, the “Nuovo Regio Ducal” was inaugurated Theater “from 3,000 places with the first absolute representation of the recognized Europe of Salieri.
At the time the theater was not just a place for entertainment. The audience was often destined for dance. The boxes were used by the owners to receive guests, eat and manage their social life. The major problem in organizing the seasons was to keep the interest of the spectators alive. Very often distracted, in stages, in other matters, or disturbed listening to music from the buzz from the gaming tables.
On 1 September 1778 the first of Troy destroyed by Michele Mortellari took place. Being the glitz of Europe recognized in the long run economically unsustainable, already in the second year of activity space was given to the opera buffa. Castrati, sopranisti and contraltisti had great success at La Scala.
On December 26, 1787, the first “argantas” (a type of lamp) were introduced. A large chandelier with eighty-four oil lamps, designed by the set designer Alessandro Sanquirico, was hung in the center of the ceiling in 1823.
Teatro Alla Scala Milano – History of the 1800s
On 7 September 1811 the success of the disappointed claimants of Giuseppe Mosca with Marietta Marcolini and Claudio Bonoldi took place. From September 1812, with the success of La pietra del paragone by Rossini, La Scala became the venue for the representation of the Italian melodrama to date.
On October 28th, November 12th and November 19th, 1813, Niccolò Paganini violin concerts take place and on October 29th the success of the Paganini witches premiere takes place. On June 16, 1815, March 5 and 7, 1816, Paganini concerts are held there. In 1817 the success of the premiere of La gazza ladra by Rossini took place. In the twenties appeared the works of Saverio Mercadante, Gaetano Donizetti and especially the Sicilian Vincenzo Bellini.
1828 the success of the premiere of I cavalieri di Valenza by Pacini with Méric-Lalande and Carolina Ungher. 1829 Bellini’s foreigner with Méric-Lalande, Hungarian, Domenico Reina and Tamburini directed by Rolla. 1833 Caterina di Guisa by Carlo Coccia with Adelaide Tosi, Isabella Fabbrica and Reina directed by Rolla. 1838 The solitary Asturias of Coccia directed by Eugenio Cavallini.
In 1830, the bands between the orders between the boxes were decorated, on the indication of Sanquirico, with golden reliefs. Francesco Hayez created a new decoration of the vault of the room, still visible in 1875, when it was replaced by a grisaille decoration. In 1835, designed by Pietro Pestagalli, two small lateral bodies surmounted by terraces were added to the façade.
The Kaiserhymne (the anthem of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia) had its premiere at La Scala in 1838, in the presence of Ferdinand I of Hapsburg and Maria Anna of Savoy.
Teatro alla Scala – Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901) made his debut at La Scala in November 1839 with Oberto, Conte di San Bonifacio. Donizetti style work, but with some of its dramatic peculiarities that appealed to the public, decreeing a good success. Given the outcome of the Oberto, the impresario Merelli commissioned him the comedy Un giorno di regno, which was staged with disastrous results.
It was still Merelli who convinced him not to abandon the lyric, personally handing him a booklet of biblical subject, the Nabucco, written by Temistocle Solera. The opera was staged on March 9, 1842 and despite an initial warm reception, since the resumption of August 13, the success was triumphant this time. Thanks also to the strong patriotic feeling that arouses in the city in which the rising Risorgimento fermented, strengthening the popularity of the melodrama by identifying its image with La Scala.
The titles of the first Scala period of the composer of Busseto as I Lombardi at the first crusade thrilled the audience. But on the occasion of the staging of Giovanna d’Arco, in 1845, the discontent occurred due to the general lack of consideration led Verdi to give up for more than twenty years to the stage that had launched him.
Teatro Alla Scala Milano – Address
Via Filodrammatici 2 – Milano
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